Well done on completing the work, tasks and videos on the Oakes Future page. This really shows your commitment to the course and we are excited to be working with you more in September. This next page will be updated with different tasks to help develop your skills further. It gives you the opportunity to delve into content from the course and get you ready to start in the new term. Feel free to contact us if you have any questions but use this page to strengthen your knowledge and interest in Criminology.

In Unit 2 of the Criminology course, which we cover in Year 12, we look at how different theories explain why people commit crimes. We look at a range of Biological, Sociological and Individualistic/Psychological theories. The activities below explore some of the Individualistic/Psychological theories we cover and get you thinking about how they might explain why people commit crimes.

Task 1

For each theory below, watch the video and briefly answer the follow up questions to check your understanding of the theory.


a) Freud Psychodynamic Theory – Id, Ego and Superego

b) Operant Conditioning

  1. How did Skinner reinforce behaviour in the mouse?

  2. What did Skinner do to the mouse in the Skinner Box to demonstrate negative reinforcement?

  3. Describe the example of negative reinforcement in our own lives.

  1. What are the key features of the id?

  2. What are the key features of the superego?

  3. What are the key features of the ego?

c) Social Learning Theory


  1. Briefly explain what Bandura did in his experiments.

  2. What did the children’s behaviour show?

  3. What is modelling?

Task 2

For each theory covered in Task 1, discuss how it could be used to explain why some people commit crimes. See if you can think of real life examples which might help explain your points.


Freud Psychodynamic Theory:


Operant Conditioning:


Social Learning Theory:


Which theory do you think is the best at explaining why people commit and crimes and why?