Well done on completing the work, tasks and videos on the Oakes Future page. This really shows your commitment to the course and we are excited to be working with you more in September. This next page will be updated with different tasks to help develop your skills further. It gives you the opportunity to delve into content from the course and get you ready to start in the new term. Feel free to contact us if you have any questions but use this page to strengthen your knowledge and interest in Health and Social Care.

Task 1 – Human Lifespan Development

One of the key features of this unit of work (which is exam based) is to look at how we develop as individuals from when we are born until the end of our lives. This is done by focusing on the growth and development of the individual across different key life stages.

The term growth can be defined as a physiological change – it describes an increase in height, weight, length and other dimensions such as head circumference.

The term development describes the acquisition of skills and abilities through each of the life stages.

There are four key areas of development that we use, these are usually referred to as PIES!

Physical Development – growth and other physical changes that happen to our body throughout life

Intellectual Development – the development of language, memory and thinking skills.

Emotional Development – the ability to cope with feelings about ourselves and towards others

Social Development – the ability to form friendships and relationships and to learn to be independent.

For Task 1

If you think of a newborn baby and then a two year old, there are a huge number of developmental changes that take place in a short period of time.

Look at this table – the focus is on the first life stage of infancy.


Using your own knowledge, research and some of the videos below, see if you can draw and complete the table – I have added in some examples, however, you will need to ensure you have also added something into all boxes!! 

(You can drag to your desktop or click save as if you would like to update this on your computer instead!)

Task 2 – Human Lifespan Development

Task 2 – Human Lifespan Development

Social Development across the Life Stages

Social development involves learning how to interact socially with other individuals in the family and society in general.

Social development provides the opportunities and skills that enable people to develop relationships. Not all individuals will experience social relationships in the same way. It is important to be aware of the differences between generations and cultural variations in the ways in which individuals will experience social relationships during the course of their lives.


In each life stage we encounter a range of different people who will have an impact on our lives – these can be through formal situations ( eg in our job, education etc) or through informal situations (eg friends, family, peer group).


You are currently in the adolescence life stage – having completed infancy and early childhood, before moving on to early, middle and later adulthood.

For the first part of this task:

Think about each life stage:

  • What significant relationships have you had/will have (these should be both formal and informal)

  • How have they had (or will have) an impact on your development? These can be both positive and negative comments. You may think about key events that may have happened in your life and how these relationships have helped you through them.

Another key aspect of social development is the development of independence through each life stage – this means doing things for oneself and making decisions without relying on others.

It is closely linked to the social and emotional development of an individual.

You will be able to identify ways in which you have become independent as you have gone through the life stages so far.


For the second part of the task:

Put together a powerpoint or Google slide presentation (that you would be happy to share with me and others).

Include the following:

  • What does independence mean to you?

  • How did your independence develop in infancy – give examples and explain how it helped your development.

  • How did your independence develop in early childhood – give examples and explain how it helped your development.

  • How is your independence developing in adolescence – give examples and explain how it helped /is helping your development.

  • How will you become more independent in the future?

  • Consider situations where you might lose some of your independence such as through an accident or illness – how could these have an impact on your development (concentrate on your emotional and social development).

Task 3

You will need to become familiar with a range of new terms throughout this unit of work so it would be a good idea to start to put together a glossary of key words that you come across.

Can you find the relevant definitions (include references and examples where possible) of these key terms:




gross motor skills

fine motor skills



life expectancy


genetic inheritance

cognitive impairment.


self esteem

self concept

self image

peer pressure