Well done on completing the work, tasks and videos on the Oakes Future page. This really shows your commitment to the course and we are excited to be working with you more in September. This next page will be updated with different tasks to help develop your skills further. It gives you the opportunity to delve into content from the course and get you ready to start in the new term. Feel free to contact us if you have any questions but use this page to strengthen your knowledge and interest in PE.
The cardiovascular system is the body’s transport system. It includes the heart and blood vessels. During exercise, an efficient cardiovascular system is extremely important, as the heart works to pump blood through the various blood vessels to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the muscles and gather waste products for removal. Pivotal to this system is the heart. It is important that you understand how the heart beats, as well as the mechanics of the heart in supplying essential nutrients and removing waste materials from the body’s cells.
2. Either download the above diagram (right click save as OR drag to your desktop) or draw your own version. Colour the arrows blue which represent blood low in oxygen content and red for those representing oxygen-rich blood.
The conduction system of the heart
Match the following terms with the correct definition:
Atrioventricular Node (AVN)
Bundle of HIS
Purkinje (Purkyne) fibres
Sinoatrial Node (SAN)
_____________________ A.Specialised cardiac tissue which spreads a cardiac impulse throughout the myocardium, causing the ventricles to contract.
_____________________ B. A mass of specialised cardiac muscle fibres located in the right atrium responsible for emitting the cardiac impulse. Also known as the pacemaker of the heart.
_____________________ C.A mass of conducting cells located in the right atrial wall which acts as a distributor passing the cardiac impulse down through the septum.
_____________________ D.Two branches of the conduction system of the heart that run down the entire length of the septum.
The cardiac cycle
The list below shows the link between the cardiac cycle and the conduction system of the heart. The stages however are muddled. In the space provided, place the list in the correct order. Assume the first statement is in the correct place.
• Atrial diastole – both atria fill with blood
• Ventricles contract causing an increase in ventricular pressure
• AV node spreads excitation through the ventricles
• Semi-lunar valves close to prevent backflow of blood
• Ventricular diastole – ventricles fill with blood
• Semi-lunar valves are forced open. AV valves remain closed
• Rising pressure forces the AV valves to open
• Blood is forced into the aorta and pulmonary arteries
• Atrial systole – the atria force the remaining blood into the ventricles
Each cardiac cycle begins with the generation of a cardiac ___________ from the ____ node. This impulse spreads throughout the atria causing them to contract. This is known as _____________________. Blood is now forced from the two atria into the two ventricles below. This stage of the cardiac cycle is known as ___________________. During this stage the _______________ valves are open but the ______________ valves are closed. As the atria relax during ____________________they are filled with blood. As the cardiac impulse spreads throughout the ventricles they contract causing ____________ ___________. Now the __________________valves are closed and blood is forced through the _____________valves into the aorta and the pulmonary arteries. Finally the ventricles begin to relax, the ________________________ valves once again close while the _________________ valves open. The ventricles once again fill with blood during _____________________. The cycle now begins again.
Other ways to prepare:
Complete this MOOC.
University of Edinburgh This course is open now!
Listen to this radio programme from the BBC World service. Sports Hour is a live Saturday morning sports show with reports, debate and humour. There are over 280 shows available covering all world sport.
BBC World Service: Sports hour
Read this article which explores the science behind wearing a
helmet in sporting activities and how helmets are there to stop brain fracture and not concussion.
Football helmets don’t protect againstconcussion – and we’re not sure whatdoes
Watch this TED talk which explores how racial stereotypes have infiltrated
the language we use to discuss athletes.
Shouldn’t sports be colour–blind
TED Talks – Patrick Ferrucci
Complete this course.
prevention and treatment of disease
Available now or 4th May 2020
Listen to this radio programme.
This is a daily podcast bringing you the latest
from the Premier League, EFL, European football and more.
Read this article which explores some of the key gender issues in sports.
Sports are designed around men – and
that needs to changeIdeas TED
Watch this TED talk.
Are athletes really getting faster, better, stronger?
TED Talks – David Epstein
Listen to this podcastin which Calum and Buncey react to KSI’s split-decision victory
over Logan Paul in Los Angeles.
Watch this TED talk.
TED Talks – Aimee Mullins
Watch this TED talk in which Valorie Kondos
Field, long-time coach of
the UCLA women’s gymnastics team, shares the secret to her success. Hint: it has nothing to do with “winning.”
Why Winning doesn’t always equalsuccess
TED Talk – Valorie Kondos
Watch this TED talk in which Christopher
McDougall explores the
mysteries of the human desire to run.
TED Talk – Christopher McDougall
Watch this TED talk.
How much do you know about intellectual
Special Olympics let me be myself – achampion
TED Talk – Matthews Williams
Watch this TED talk. Amazing, inspiring feats of daring and determination
that will bring you everywhere from the high skies to the deep sea. (Playlist of eight talks).
Listen to this podcastfrom the British Journal of Sports
Medicine. It covers all
sorts of aspects of Sports Medicine, from the science behind running shoes to the power of sleep.
Also available on other podcast providers – search ‘BJSM’
Use the school closure as a real opportunity to get ready for the jump up to A-level! If you have any questions about the work, please contact email@example.com